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## Solving equation(s): solve

solve solves an equation or a system of polynomial equations. It takes 2 arguments:
• Solving an equation
solve takes as arguments an equation between two expressions or an expression (=0 is omitted), and a variable name (by default x).
solve solves this equation.
• Solving a system of polynomial equations
solve takes as arguments two vectors : a vector of polynomial equations and a vector of variable names.
solve solves this polynomial equation system.
Remarks:
• In real mode, solve returns only real solutions. To have the complex solutions, switch to complex mode, e.g. by checking Complex in the cas configuration, or use the cSolve command.
• For trigonometric equations, solve returns by default the principal solutions. To have all the solutions check All_trig_sol in the cas configuration.
Examples :
• Solve x4 - 1 = 3
Input :
solve(x^4-1=3)
Output in real mode :
[sqrt(2),-(sqrt(2))]
Output in complex mode :
[sqrt(2),-(sqrt(2)),(i)*sqrt(2),-((i)*sqrt(2))]
• Solve exp(x) = 2
Input :
solve(exp(x)=2)
Output in real mode :
[log(2)]
• Find x, y such that x + y = 1, x - y = 0
Input :
solve([x+y=1,x-y],[x,y])
Output :
[[1/2,1/2]]
• Find x, y such that x2 + y = 2, x + y2 = 2
Input :
solve([x^2+y=2,x+y^2=2],[x,y])
Output :
[[-2,-2],[1,1],[(-sqrt(5)+1)/2,(1+sqrt(5))/2],
[(sqrt(5)+1)/2,(1-sqrt(5))/2]]
• Find x, y, z such that x2 - y2 = 0, x2 - z2 = 0
Input :
solve([x^2-y^2=0,x^2-z^2=0],[x,y,z])
Output :
[[x,x,x],[x,-x,-x],[x,-x,x],[x,x,-x]]
• Solve cos(2*x) = 1/2
Input :
solve(cos(2*x)=1/2)
Output :
[pi/6,(-pi)/6]
Output with All_trig_sol checked :
[(6*pi*n_0+pi)/6,(6*pi*n_0-pi)/6]
• Find the intersection of a straight line (given by a list of equations) and a plane.
For example, let D be the straight line of cartesian equations [y - z = 0, z - x = 0] and let P the plane of equation x - 1 + y + z = 0. Find the intersection of D and P.
Input :
solve([[y-z=0,z-x=0],x-1+y+z=0],[x,y,z])
Output :
[[1/3,1/3,1/3]]     suivant: Equation solving in : monter: Equations précédent: The right member of   Table des matières   Index
giac documentation written by Renée De Graeve and Bernard Parisse