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10.4.3  Writing output to a file

You can use the fopen, fprint and fclose commands to write output to a file instead of the screen.

To begin, you need to open the file and associate it with a variable. You use fopen for this, which takes a file name as argument. For example,

f := fopen("bar")

will create a file named “bar” (and so erase it if it already exists). You can use the fprint command to write to the file; it takes the variable representing the file as the first argument, followed by what you want to write to the file. For example, if x is equal to 9, then

fprint(f,"x + 1 is ", x+1)

will put

  "x + 1 is "10

in the file. Note that the quotation marks are inserted with the string. If you want to insert strings without quotes, then you can give fprint a second argument of Unquoted. If instead of the above printf you entered

fprint(f,Unquoted,"x + 1 is ", x+1)

then the file would contain

  x + 1 is 10

Finally, after you have finished writing what you want into the file, you close the file with the fclose command,

fclose(f)

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