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2.52.2  Gauss reduction of a matrix : ref

ref is used to solve a linear system of equations written in matrix form:

A*X=B

The argument of ref is the augmented matrix of the system (the matrix obtained by augmenting the matrix A to the right with the column vector B).
The result is a matrix [A1,B1] where A1 has zeros under its principal diagonal, and the solutions of:

A1*X=B1

are the same as the solutions of:

A*X=B

For example, solve the system :



3x + y=−2 
3x +2y=

Input :

ref([[3,1,-2],[3,2,2]])

Output :

[[1,1/3,-2/3],[0,1,4]]

Hence the solution is y=4 (last row) and x=−2 (substitute y in the first row).


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