" is used to delimit a string.
A character is a string of length one.
Do not confuse " with ’ (or quote) which is used to avoid evaluation of an expression . For example, "a" returns a string of one character but ’a’ or quote(a) returns the variable a unevaluated.
When a string is input in a command line, it is evaluated to itself hence the output is the same string. Use + to concatenate two strings or a string and another object.
"Hello" is the input and also the output.
The index notation is used to get the n-th character of a string,
(as for lists). Indices begin at 0 in Xcas mode, 1 in other modes.