started in september 04, last update: september 04
The aim of these notes is to present a few problems and conjectures related to the my joint paper with R. Chapman Symmetric Pascal matrices modulo (European J. of Combinatorics 25 (2004) 459-473).
Denote by the infinite symmetric matrix with coefficients
We denote by the symmetric submatrix of defined by the first rows and columns. The matrix has thus coefficients with . Denote by the characteristic polynomial of (where denotes of course the identity matrix of order ).
The main result of  (Theorem 1.3 in ) reads now:
This result determines the reduction modulo of the characteristic polynomial completely.
Theorem 0.1 seems to be the tip of an iceberg. Many similar formulae seem to exist. The easiest one (Conjecture 1.6 of ) can be stated as follows:
The equality states of course that the polynomials are palindromic: and their roots are symmectric with respect to the unit circle: is a root of if and only if is a root of .
The first few of these conjectural polynomials are seemingly
If this conjecture holds then
Computations with for suggest (cf. Conjecture 1.7 in ):
Theorem 0.1 and Conjectures 0.2 and 0.3 define now completely modulo from the trivial initial values and .
Proofs of these conjectures would thus be very interesting.